Florence is a city that beckons lovers of the beautiful from all over the world, the capital of the arts and the cradle of the Renaissance. People settled here as early as the 10th century B.C., but officially the city dates back to 59 B.C.: in that year the Romans founded their own on the site of an ancient Etruscan settlement on the banks of the River Arno and called it Florence, which means Blossoming.
Italy is a state in southern Europe, in the centre of the Mediterranean. It has been a member of the European Union since their inception, and is the third largest economy in the Eurozone.
Inside Italy there are two enclave states: San Marino and the Vatican State, located inside the territory of Italy, with each of them Italy has an internal border which is respectively 39 km long and 3.2 km long.
It occupies the Apennine Peninsula, the extreme north-west of the Balkan Peninsula, the Padana Plain, the southern slopes of the Alps, the islands of Sicily, Sardinia and a number of small islands.
Italy is home to 55 UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Italy shares with China the highest number of World Heritage Sites
Rome is one of the oldest cities in Europe, the ancient capital of the Roman Empire. In antiquity (3rd century A.D.) Rome was called the Eternal City by the Latin Roma Aeterna, Urbs Aeterna. One of the first Roman poets Albius Tibullus (1st century B.C.) called Rome by this name in his second elegy. Rome is also referred to as "the city on seven hills".